PBS system worrying (The Star: 25122012) - MOE
RESPONSE TO LETTER BY ‘WORRIED PARENT’
The Ministry of Education (MoE) would like to refer to the letter titled “PBS system worrying” by Worried Parent, Ipoh in The Star newspaper dated 25 December2012.
The ministry would like to assure the public that School Based Assessment or PBS (Pentaksiran Berasaskan Sekolah)is a more holistic form of assessment and assesses the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains encompassing intellectual, emotional, spiritual and physical aspects. PBS encompasses both academic and non-academic fields and is introduced as part of the National Transformation Program to produce world-class human capital.
PBS is a Standard Referenced Assessment of which pupils’ achievements are measured against a Performance Standard, developed based on the National Curriculum, rather than the achievements of their peer group. Standard Referenced Assessment allows teachers as well as parents to monitor pupils’ progress based on his or her performance measured against a set of performance indicators.
School assessment, a component of the PBS, is carried out by teachers during the teaching and learning. It is planned, administered, scored, and reported by teachers in the school. Teachers will continuously update students’ progress and it will be made known to parents. Parents can obtain feedback on their children’s achievementfrom subject teachers and the report is generated via the Sistem Pengurusan Pentaksiran Berasaskan Sekolah (SPPBS). This report contains information about pupils’ achievement at a particular stage.
School assessment may be carried out in the form of formative and summative assessment. Formative assessment is carried out during the process of teaching and learning. On the other hand summative assessment is carried out at the end of a learning unit, term, month or year. Therefore, schools may conduct test or exams as deem required by the schools. The tests or exams conducted are part of the PBS summative assessment.
AlthoughPMR will no longer be implemented as centralized examinations at the end of lower secondary school by 2014, the reporting is still relevant. Descriptive and meaningful reporting will be issued by the Examinations Syndicate through students’ profile, performance, development and involvement in learning activities at the lower secondary level. Mastery and achievement of students in School Assessment (PS), Central Assessment (PP), Physical Activity, Sports and Co-curricular Assessment (PAJSK), and Psychometric Assessment (PPsi) will be reported at the end of lower secondary school. Thus, these comprehensive reports will be referred to by stakeholders for respective purposes.
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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA